Either way , Africa is , and has always been a turd . The Europeans were the only thing keeping it half way viable . Then when the Europeans left , the turd finally gets flushed down the toilet . Why ? Because you have an indigenous population , that has been , and always will be , totally incapable of higher civilization . That has always been the case , its not the land , its the people on the land . Another example are the people of North , and South America . The people of South America were empire builders , with a written language , and produced amazing structures ……………whereas , in North America they never amounted to much in comparison to their brethren in the South . That is all over the world . In the modern day , peoples tend to stay down , more because they are unknowing victims of their own culture , and value systems , rather than any lack of opportunity .